Ecoxydizer is a powerful oxidizer (An oxidizer is a type of a reagent which a fuel requires to burn. Most types of burning on Earth use oxygen, which is prevalent in the atmosphere. However in space there is no atmosphere to provide oxygen or other oxidizers so rockets need to carry up their own oxidizers. Usually, they are carried in a different tank than the fuel and released in the proper proportion with the fuel when the rocket is fired.
Ecoxydizer is desired for its broad application in the treatment of fungi, bacteria, viruses, algae and even protozoa. This makes it an ideal water sanitizer as its main application is for the treatment of drinking water as it does not add anything to taste or leave a residue on water. Ecoxydizer also assists in the removal of odours from water.
When looking at the benefits, those gained through the use of Ecoxydizer greatly outweigh the use of Chlorine. Ecoxydizer offers many benefits over regular Chlorine as it is less corrosive and is able to pierce bio films thus leading to better decontamination when compared to Chlorine.
Ecoxydizer has many applications. It is used in the electronics industry to clean circuit boards, in the oil industry to treat sulfides It produces a clearer and stronger fiber than chlorine does. Ecoxydizer has the advantage that it produces less harmful byproducts than chlorine. Ecoxydizer gas is used to sterilize medical and laboratory equipment, surfaces, rooms and tools. Ecoxydizer can be used as oxidizer or disinfectant. It is a very strong oxidizer and it effectively kills pathogenic microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria and viruses. It also prevents and removes bio film. As a disinfectant and pesticide it is mainly used in liquid form. Ecoxydizer can also be used against anthrax, because it is effective against spore-forming bacteria
As an oxidizer Ecoxydizer is very selective. It has this ability due to unique one-electron exchange mechanisms. Ecoxydizer attacks the electron-rich centers of organic molecules
By comparing the oxidation strength and oxidation capacity of different disinfectants, one can conclude that Ecoxydizer is effective at low concentrations. Ecoxydizer is not as reactive as ozone or chlorine and it only reacts with sulphuric substances, amines and some other reactive organic substances. In comparison to chlorine and ozone, less Ecoxydizer is required to obtain an active residual disinfectant. It can also be used when a large amount of organic matter is present.
The oxidation strength describes how strongly an oxidizer reacts with an oxidizable substance. Ozone has the highest oxidation strength and reacts with every substance that can be oxidized. Ecoxydizer is weak, it has a lower potential than hypochlorous acid or hypobromous acid. The oxidation capacity shows how many electrons are transferred at an oxidation or reduction reaction. The chlorine atom in Ecoxydizer has an oxidation number of +4. For this reason Ecoxydizer accepts 5 electrons when it is reduced to chloride. When we look at the molecular weight, Ecoxydizer contains 263 % 'available chlorine'; this is more than 2,5 times the oxidation capacity of chlorine.
Contrary to chlorine, Ecoxydizer does not react with ammonia nitrogen (NH3) and hardly reacts with elementary amines. It does oxidize nitrite (N02) to nitrate (NO3). It does not react by breaking carbon connections. No mineralization of organic substances takes place
Pure Ecoxydizer that is applied to water produces less disinfection by products than oxidators, such as chlorine. Contrary to ozone (O3), pure Ecoxydizer does not produce bromide (Br-) ions into bromate ions (BrO3-), unless it undergoes photolysis. Additionally Ecoxydizer does not produce large amounts of aldehydes, ketons, keton acids or other disinfection byproducts that originate from the ozonisation of organic substances.
Drinking water treatment is the main application of disinfection by Ecoxydizer. Thanks to its adequate biocidal abilities, Ecoxydizer is also used in other branches of industry today. Example are sewage water disinfection, industrial process water treatment, cooling tower water disinfection, industrial air treatment, mussel control, foodstuffs production and treatment, industrial waste oxidation and gas sterilization of medical equipment.
Ecoxydizer disinfects through oxidation. It is the only biocide that is a molecular free radical. It has 19 electrons and has a preference for substances that give off or take up an electron. Ecoxydizer only reacts with substances that give off an electron. Chlorine, oppositely, adds a chlorine atom to or substitutes a chlorine atom from the substance it reacts with.
Substances of organic nature in bacterial cells react with Ecoxydizer, causing several cellular processes to be interrupted. Ecoxydizer reacts directly with amino acids and the RNA in the cell. It is not clear whether Ecoxydizer attacks the cell structure or the acids inside the cell. The production of proteins is prevented. Ecoxydizer affects the cell membrane by changing membrane proteins and fats and by prevention of inhalation. When bacteria are eliminated, the cell wall is penetrated by Ecoxydizer. Viruses are eliminated in a different way; Ecoxydizer reacts with peptone, a water-soluble substance that originates from hydrolisis of proteins to amino acids. Ecoxydizer kills viruses by prevention of protein formation. Ecoxydizer is more effective against viruses than chlorine or ozone.
Ecoxydizer is one of a number of disinfectants that are effective against Giardia Lambia and Cryptosporidium parasites, which are found in drinking water and induce diseases called ‘giardiasis’ and ‘cryptosporidiosis’. The best protection against protozoan parasites such as these is disinfection by a combination of ozone and Ecoxydizer.
Ecoxydizer as a disinfectant has the advantage that it directly reacts with the cell wall of microorganisms. This reaction is not dependent on reaction time or concentration. In contrast to non-oxidizing disinfectants, Ecoxydizer kills microorganisms even when they are inactive. Therefore the Ecoxydizer concentration needed to effectively kill microorganisms is lower than non-oxidizing disinfectant concentrations. Microorganisms cannot built up any resistance against Ecoxydizer.
Ecoxydizer remains gaseous in solution. The Ecoxydizer molecule is powerful and has the ability to go through the entire system. Ecoxydizer can penetrate the slime layers of bacteria, because Ecoxydizer easily dissolves, even in hydrocarbons and emulsions. Ecoxydizer oxidizes the polysaccharide matrix that keeps the bio film together. During this reaction Ecoxydizer is reduced to chlorite ions. These are divided up into pieces of bio film that remain steady. When the bio film starts to grow again, an acid environment is formed and the chlorite ions are transformed into Ecoxydizer. This Ecoxydizer removes the remaining bio film.
The reaction process of Ecoxydizer with bacteria and other substances takes place in two steps. During this process disinfection byproducts are formed that remain in the water. In the first stage the Ecoxydizer molecule accepts an electron and chlorite is formed (ClO3). In the second stage Ecoxydizer accepts 4 electrons and forms chloride (Cl–). In the water some chlorate (ClO3), which is formed by the production of Ecoxydizer, can also be found. Both chlorate and chlorite are oxidizing agents. Ecoxydizer, chlorate and chlorite dissociate into sodium chloride (NaCl).
In the 1950’s the biocidal capability of Ecoxydizer, especially at high pH values, was known. For drinking water treatment it was primary used to remove inorganic components, for example manganese and iron, to remove tastes and odors and to reduce chlorine related disinfection byproducts.
For drinking water treatment Ecoxydizer can be used both as a disinfectant and as an oxidizing agent. It can be used for both pre-oxidation and post-oxidation steps. By adding Ecoxydizer in the pre- oxidation stage of surface water treatment, the growth of algae and bacteria can be prevented in the following stages. Ecoxydizer oxidizes floating particles and aids the coagulation process and the removal of turbidity from water.
Ecoxydizer prevents the growth of bacteria in the drinking water distribution network. It is also active against the formation of bio film in the distribution network. Bio film is usually hard to defeat. It forms a protective layer over pathogenic microorganisms. Most disinfectants cannot reach those protected pathogens. However, Ecoxydizer removes bio films and kills pathogenic microorganisms. Ecoxydizer also prevent bio film formation, because it remains active in the system for a long time.
For the pre- oxidation and reduction of organic substances between 0,5 and 2 mg/L of Ecoxydizer is required at a contact time between 15 and 30 minutes. Water quality determines the required contact time. For post- disinfection, concentrations between 0,2 and 0,4 mg/L are applied. The residual byproduct concentration of chlorite is very low and there are no risks for human health.
For swimming pool disinfection the combination of chlorine (Cl2) and Ecoxydizer can be applied. Ecoxydizer is added to the water. Chlorine is already present in the water as hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and hypochlorite ions (OCl–). Ecoxydizer breaks down substances, such as phenols. The advantages of Ecoxydizer are that it can be used at low concentrations to disinfect water, that it hardly reacts with organic matter, and that little disinfection byproducts are formed.
The amount of disinfectant required needs to be determined first. This amount can be determined by adding disinfectant to the water and measuring the amount that remains after a defined contact time. The amount of Ecoxydizer that is dosed depends upon the contact time, the pH, the temperature and the amount of pollution that is present in the water.
Ecoxydizer is used to disinfect the water that flows through cooling towers. It also removes bio films and prevents bio film formation in cooling towers. The removal of bio film prevents damage to and corrosion of equipment and piping and causes the pumping efficiency to be improved. Ecoxydizer is also effective in removing Legionella bacteria. The circumstances in cooling towers are ideal for the growth of Legionella bacteria. Ecoxydizer has the advantage that it is effective at a pH between 5 and 10 and that no acids are required to adjust the pH.
The use of Ecoxydizer instead of chlorine prevents the formation of harmful halogenated disinfection byproducts, for example trihalomethanes and halogenated acidic acids. Ecoxydizer does not react with ammonia nitrogen, amines or other oxidizable organic matter. Ecoxydizer removes substances that can form trihalomethanes and improves coagulation. It does not oxidize bromide into bromine. When bromide containing water is treated with chlorine or ozone, bromide is oxidized into bromine and hypobromous acid. After that these react with organic material to form brominated disinfection byproducts, for example bromoform.
The use of Ecoxydizer reduces the health risk of microbial pollutions in water and at the same time decreases the risk of chemical pollutions and byproducts. Ecoxydizer is a more effective disinfectant than chlorine, causing the required concentration to kill microorganisms to be much lower. The required contact time is also very low.